The State Society of the Cincinnati of Pennsylvania

Cincinnati Certificate

Trenton, NJ (I) (26 Dec 1776)

 
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(New Brunswick, NJ (I))   (Trenton, NJ (II))
 
  COMMENTARY
  The battle of Trenton, Christmas Eve, 1776, was the make-or-break operation for the remains of the Continental Army. They had been chased across all of New Jersey, and were discouraged and worn out. If this attack failed, the revolution would not be able to continue, as the fighting men were at the end of their enlistments.

Contrary to popular belief today, the Hessians had not been partying that night; they were exhausted from continual guerilla attacks by the New Jersey militia.
 
  Unit Rosters  
 
  1st Pennsylvania Regiment  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Sergeant Thomas Boyd    
  Second Lieutenant Thomas Buchanan    
  Ensign Edward Crawford     Grier's Company
  Captain John Doyle   Commander, Independent Company  
  Captain James Grier    
  Captain James Hamilton   Company Commander  
  Sergeant David Hammond     Parr's Company
  Third Lieutenant James Holliday     Cluggage's Company
  Surgeon William Magaw    
  Captain Henry Miller    
  Captain James Parr   Company Commander  
  Third Lieutenant William Patton    
  Surgeon's Mate Christian Reinick    
  Private Isaac Sweeny     Doudle's Company
  First Lieutenant William Wilson     Parr's Company
  Second Lieutenant David Ziegler   Regimental Adjutant   Ross's Company
 
  4th Pennsylvania Brigade  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Brigadier General Arthur St. Clair    
 
  9th Pennsylvania Regiment  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Captain Thomas Bartholomew Bowen    
 
  Continental Army  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Brigadier General Thomas Mifflin   Quartermaster General  
 
  Continental Navy  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Captain John Barry    
  Captain James Nicholson    
 
  German Regiment  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Captain Jacob Bunner   Company Commander  
  First Lieutenant Bernard Hubley    
  Captain George Hubley    
  Sergeant Gottlieb Niebel    
  First Lieutenant William Rice    
  Second Lieutenant Philipp Christian Shrawder    
  Cadet John Stricker    
  Ensign Christopher Godfried Swartz    
  Ensign John Weidman    
 
  Pennsylvania Artillery Battalion  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  First Lieutenant Worsley Emes    
  First Lieutenant Francis Proctor, Jr.    
  Major Thomas Proctor   Commander  
 
  Pennsylvania Line  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Volunteer Richard Fullerton    
 
  Pennsylvania Navy  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Captain Thomas Read    
 
  Philadelphia Militia  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  Volunteer George Hunter    
 
  Provisional State Battalion  
 
  Name   Position   Status
  First Lieutenant John Clark     Marshall's Company, 2nd Battalion
  Ensign Joseph Davis    
  Second Lieutenant Joseph Lewis Finley     Long's Company
  Third Lieutenant George Grant     Weitzel's Company
  Lieutenant Alexander Huston, Jr.     Howell's Company
  Ensign Andrew Lytle   Quartermaster  
  Sergeant James McMichael     Marchall's Company
  Third Lieutenant William Moore     Grubb's Company
  Captain Francis Murray    
  Captain John Murray   Commander, 5th Company  
  Chaplain William Rogers    
 
 
  LINKS  
 
 
  For More Information On Trenton, NJ (I), click here .  
  For a British perspective on The Battle of Trenton, click here .  
 

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